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Different Types Of Cars List

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  • Hatchbacks can be either 4-door or 2-door
  • Sedans have several sub-types such as notchback, fastback, etc.
  • Conventionally, an SUV is a big car built on a body-on-frame chassis

For the uninitiated, the world of automobiles and its colloquialisms can often be puzzling. While the automotive industry's jargon is vast and seemingly unending, we hope to acquaint you with the most imperative terms in reference to car types with this piece.

Here's a rundown of different types of cars.

1. Hatchback

Maruti Suzuki Swift Hatchback

Maruti Suzuki Swift

A hatchback is a car type with a rear door that opens upwards. They typically feature a four-door configuration, excluding the rear door. However, two-door hatchbacks are not uncommon.

Examples of four-door hatchbacks: Maruti Suzuki Alto 800, Renault Kwid, Hyundai Grand i10, etc.

Examples of two-door hatchbacks: Volkswagen Polo GTI (Upcoming), MINI Cooper S 3 Door, etc.

2. Sedan

Maruti Suzuki Ciaz Sedan

Maruti Suzuki Ciaz

Out of the different types of cars, a sedan (US) or a saloon (UK) is traditionally defined as a car with four doors and a typical boot/ trunk. A slightly technical detail is that it usually features a 3-box configuration with each of the boxes categorically used for the engine, passenger, and cargo.

Sedans have several sub-types such as notchback, fastback, compact, and sub-compact. It may be interesting to note that cars such as the older generation models of the Skoda Octavia are often incorrectly referred to as notchbacks.

Examples of sedans: Maruti Suzuki Ciaz, Hyundai Elantra, etc.

3. MPV

Datsun GO Plus MPV

Datsun GO+

A multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) or multi-utility vehicle (MUV) are commonly known as 'people carriers'. They are designed to offer enhanced space and comfort for passengers with two or three rows of seating and large doors. The third row on MPVs/ MUVs can generally be reconfigured.

Examples of MPVs: Maruti Suzuki Omni, Maruti Suzuki Eeco, Datsun GO+, etc.

4. SUV

Land Rover Discovery Sport SUV

Land Rover Discovery Sport

Conventionally, a sports utility vehicle (SUV) is a big car built on a body-on-frame chassis, sports increased ground clearance and offers off-roading capabilities to a certain extent. With that said, the aforementioned definition of an SUV has blurred over time and often includes both off-roaders and soft-roaders.

Examples of off-roader SUVs: Mahindra Thar, Mahindra Scorpio, Land Rover Discovery Sport, etc.

Examples of soft-roader SUVs: Honda CR-V, Renault Duster, Skoda Yeti, etc.

5. Crossover

Volvo S60 Cross Country Crossover

Volvo S60 Cross Country

A simple, and common, definition of a crossover would be that it is a vehicle that combines the features of an SUV and a hatchback. Crossover vehicles offer soft-roading capabilities and are constructed like a car - they use unibody construction instead of the body-on-frame platform used in SUVs.

Examples of crossovers: Maruti Suzuki S-Cross, Volvo S60 Cross Country, Hyundai i20 Active, etc.

6. Coupe

Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe

Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe

A coupe is classically defined as a closed two-door car with a fixed roof. Considered sporty by nature, it generally gets just 2 seats or with a smaller-than-average rear. The typical definition of a coupe has evolved over time and differs across manufacturers and now is also ascribed to cars with four doors and coupe-like proportions, chiefly for their sporty appeal instead of number of doors.

Examples of coupes: Ford Mustang, Audi R8, Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe, etc.

7. Convertible

Audi A3 Cabriolet Convertible

Audi A3 Cabriolet

A convertible, a.k.a. a cabriolet or roadster, is a car with a roof structure that can be 'converted' to allow open-air or enclosed driving. They feature either a retractable hardtop roof or soft folding top.

Examples of convertibles: Mercedes-AMG SLC 43, Audi A3 Cabriolet, Ferrari California T, etc.

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